Elements used in suspended ceilings

The aluminum suspended ceilings are robust and durable, allowing them to be long-lasting. A suspended pan that will be used without problems for many years is of the essence of the elements to be used to provide it. Aluminum suspended ceiling manufacturer companies recommended for the System series, the production and assembly of aluminum suspended ceilings should be done.

Aluminium suspended ceiling Conveyor profiles

The carrier profiles used in the production of aluminium suspended ceilings are the profiles used to create the construction bearing the suspended ceiling system. on carrier profiles; There are nails that enable the Panel, cassette, medium recording profile, lighting fixture, etc., and are available in special holes to attach to the carrying strap. The carrier profiles are designed to prevent the collapse of the frying pan by providing an expansion during a fire, with the help of a set of canals and holes on them.
The shape, size and functionality of the carrier profile varies depending on the design of the manufacturer. From the carrier profiles in all systems; The future is expected to carry the burden of suspended ceiling, to be strength in the sword, do not stand, the nails on the sturdy and aluminum panels and tapes are fully grasped. Commonly, carrier profiles are manufactured from galvanised steel, which is resistant to corrosion.
Carrier profiles used in cassette and panel suspended ceilings The elements used in the suspended ceiling construction
Figure 1.3: Conveyor profiles used in cassette and panel suspended ceilings

Aluminum suspended ceiling carrying strap

In the production of aluminium suspended ceilings, carrier profiles are called transport hangers to the elements used to connect to the normal ceiling. Although the suspension tool is not visible after installation, it is the most important part of the quality and durability of the pan. Carrying straps, shape, size and functionality differ depending on the design of the manufacturer. The hanger tools to be used in the ceiling system must be corrosion resistant, so they must be manufactured from stainless steel or galvanised steel. Examine the shape.
 Figure 1.4: Examples of carrying hangers used in the production of aluminum suspended ceilings

 

Conveyor Hanger team; The part that will be screwed to the normal ceiling, the butterfly steel spring, the carrier rod and the bearing profile consists of nails to hold. The suspended pan to be produced is used in the adjustment and bonding of the range measurement to the normal ceiling, and these rods must be manufactured from galvanised steel at least 4 mm diameter. Butterfly Steel Spring; The carrier bar consists of a mechanism for holding and adjusting the jeans between the carrier and the nail that connects to the profile. The butterfly spring must be in a sturdy structure and should not slip when applied to the load. The carrier suspension tool must be resistant to at least 60 kg of tensile force.
During suspended ceiling mounting, the carrying strap must be connected to the normal ceiling with a maximum of 125 cm intermediate. Hanger tools should be preferred in the selection of hanger sets manufactured by the manufacturer or in accordance with the quality of the system. As a result of improper or improperly used hangers, crashes or unwanted fluctuations in the frying pan may occur.

Medium recording profiles used in aluminium suspended cassette ceiling system

The medium recording profiles used in the aluminium suspended cassette ceiling system are auxiliary profiles that are used to be placed in accordance with the dimensions of the aluminum cassettes and connected to the carrier profiles. Today’s production of aluminum suspended cassette ceilings made of the carrier profiles opened at certain distances to the channels, the end of the middle registration profiles in the ends of the locking of the clips are carried out. Medium registration profiles must be the same as the main carrier profile properties, the system must be interlocking and resistant to corrosion.
Figure 1.5: Medium recording profile and usage in suspended cassette ceiling system

Edge profiles used in aluminium suspended ceilings

When the mounting workmanship is completed in the aluminium suspended ceilings, these sections must be concealed because the parts of the wall edges do not give an aesthetic good image. Therefore, the edge profiles made of aluminum material must be used for the closure of the edges on the denim scale of the suspended pan. Edge profiles should be mounted on the wall scale at a maximum of 60 cm.
Figure 1.6: Edge profiles used in aluminium suspended ceilings

Ceiling accessories used in aluminum suspended ceilings

Aluminum suspended ceilings; In the case of use of lighting, sound, fire detector, camera, ventilation etc., the manufacturer’s system details should be considered and manufactured and assembled accordingly. If there are special apparatus for connecting the units to be used, they should be taken into consideration

Hearing and balance organ

Ear (Auris)

It is the organ in the anatomical structure that acts as a hearing function and holds the body of the balance. The ear (Auris) is examined in three sections.
  • External ear (Auris Externa)
  • Middle Ear (Auris Media)
  • Inner ear (Auris interna)
The structure of the ear
Figure 2.1: The structure of the ear

External ear (Auris Externa)

The outer ear (Auris externa) is composed of two parts, collecting sounds occurring in our environments and sending the middle ear.
  • Ear Bucket (Aurcula)
  • External auditory tract (meatus acuticus externa)
External ear
Image 2.2: Outer ear

Ear Bucket (Aurcula)

The ear cap is located on the back of the jaw joint on both sides of the head. Displays a funnel-shaped indentation and protrusions. Cartilage is made of tissue and covered with leather. The cartilage is connected to the structures around the structure with the ligaments and muscles. The outer ear path is connected with Fibrroz tissue.
The outer edge of the ear bucket is called helix. It starts from the cone and goes up front, then back and down to the ear nozzle. In front of the helicsin extending parallel to it, the ledge is called Antihelix. The remaining pit in front of Antihelicsin is called Concha Auriale. The sound waves are collected by the ear bucket and transferred to the outer ear path.

Ear Cap

External auditory tract (meatus acuticus externa)

The outer ear path that is entered into the inner part of the Temporal bone is similar to the letter “S”. The average length is 2.5-3 cm long. 1/3 outer part of the outer ear path in adult people consists of cartilage structure and 2/3 inside the bone. The skin in the outer ear path contains sebaceous glands and hairs.
The eardrum (Membbrana tympani) is found in the end of the outer ear path. It is a thin membrane in slightly oval form. The hairs on the outer ear path protect the eardrum from physical effects. There are special secretions of glands on the outer ear path. The secretion of the glands inside the canal and the dust that enters the ear are composed of earwax (Cerumen). The big ear kirine is called a bushon.

Middle Ear (Auris Media)

It is part of the Temporal bone that comes after the ear membrane. The inner surfaces of the middle ear are covered with mucous membranes and consist of air-containing gaps. These gaps include ear bones and muscles attached to them. The middle ear is divided into three parts.
  • Timpan Cavity (Cavitas tympanica)
  • Östaki pipe (tuba Auditiva)
  • Hearing Bones (Ossicula auditus)

The structure of the middle ear

Timpan Gap (Cavitas Tympanica)

The Tympan is located between the inner ear of the membrane and the inner surfaces are a narrow space covered with mucous membranes. The upper wall of the timpan cavity has six walls, the bottom wall, the front wall, the rear wall, the inner side wall, the exterior side wall.
The tympan membrane is an oval shaped membrane that forms the boundary between the outer ear and the middle ear. The middle of the membrane, which is very thin and tense, collapses inward. The inner side of the membrane consists of the mucous membranes and the outer side of the skin. The tympan membrane is sensitive to sound vibrations. Vibration occurs as soon as the sound waves hit the tympan membrane. These vibrations of the tympan membrane pass through the hearing bone.

Östaki pipe (Tuba auditiva)

It is located between the middle ear and the nasopharynks. 3.5-4cm long and the walls are covered with mucous membranes. The Östaki pipe contains cartilage and bone fragments.
The Östaki pipe ensures that the pressure between the outer ear and the middle ear is balanced. Normally closed pipe is opened with movements such as swallowing, stretching and chewing, and the pressure is equal. If there is a difference in pressure on both sides of the eardrum, there is a feeling of discomfort in the ears.

Hearing Bones (Ossicula auditus)

The Tympan gap is found between the Fensetra vestibular and the ossicles. Hearing bones consist of three bones, which are interconnected with low-play joints. The sound vibrations occurring in the tympan membrane of the hammer bone (Malleus) anvil bone (Fig) of the stirrup bone (stapes); The hammer is transmitted to the inner ear by the order of the anvil and stirrup ossicles.

Inner ear (Auris interna)

It’s found in the Temporal bone. The inner ear contains special sensory cells related to hearing and body balance. The hearing and balance functions are done here. There are many winding roads in the inner ear and the gaps between these roads are called Labyrinth (Labyrrinthus). It consists of two parts in terms of inner ear, structure and functions.
  • Bone Maze (Labyrinthus osseus)
  • Dice Maze (Labyrrinthus membraceus)
The structure of the inner ear
Figure 2.5: Structure of the inner ear

Bone Maze (Labyrinthus osseus)

Bone Maze, Dice maze wraps like capsules. It’s a hard structure made of bone. The inner ear (Auris interna) in the maze with the Bone maze is also found in the liquid called PERILENFA. The bone labyrinths lead to cochlea, the middle Vestibulum, and the back of the Canales semicirculares, which consist of three parts.
Cochlea: The middle ear is separated by an oval window. It’s like a snail’s crust. The cochlea carries hearing receptors.
Korti (Corti) organs bearing hearing receptors and consisting of silian cells are also found in cochlear.
Cochlea
Image 2.6: Cochlea

Vestibule (Vestibulum): An ovalish gap between the cochlea and half-circle mazes. In Vestibulum, the membrane of the maze is found in the structure of the balance of utriculus and Sacculcus.

Half Circle Canals (Canalis semicirculares): The half-circle channels are three in front, back and side. The shape is similar to the half circle. All of these channels open to Vestibuluma. Vestibule and ducts make a balancing device together. They detect the movements and balance of the body.

Membrane Labyrinth (Labyrrinthus membranaceus)

The bone consists of duct and pouches located inside the labyrinth. Between the maze of the dice and the Bone maze is the PERILENFA fluid, while the membrane is in the maze, there are liquids called ENDOGENFA. The membrane has two parts that detect the hearing and balance of the labyrinth:

The vestibular Labyrinth is the division of balance. There are a few fractions called utriculus, Sacculcus, Ductus semicircularis.
The Cochlear maze is the part about hearing. Located in Ductus cochlearis.